Type 2 diabetes used to be called "non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus" because the patient is resistant to insulin, or simply does not produce enough for the body to lower the glucose to normal levels. It is the most common form of diabetes, accounting for 90 to 95 percent of diabetes cases in America.
It usually develops in adults after the age of 45, so is sometimes referred to as "adult-reverse diabetes". Many people are completely unaware they have the condition until they are treated for something else and blood tests reveal elevated blood sugar levels. Typically, severe symptoms may develop, and people find out they are type II diabetic when they go to their doctors.
The factors that can increase the risks include genetics, but also poor diet, active lifestyle, over-weight, age, and race (type 2 diabetes is more prevalent among African American, Latino & Native Americans).
Those suffering type 2 diabetes will be thirsty and produce excessive urine. They'll also usually be hungry, suffer from nausea and vomiting, plus increased infections like Candida. Type 2 diabetics often feel fatigued and can suffer from blurred vision.
Type 2 diabetes is close to epidemic proportions in America due to the unhealthy lifestyle of little exercise and unhealthy diets.
Usually type 2 diabetics do not require insulin and can take oral drugs instead. The specific treatment that will work for you depends on a number of factors, including age, overall health and medical history. The severity of the disease and your tolerance to medication will also be taken in to consideration.
As with anything, it is better if it is done early when the problems caused by diabetes will be less severe, and the damage to the organs of your body will be less. In some cases, the problem can often be kept under control through diet and exercise alone, so you should get a checkup if you are in one of the higher risk categories.